文章摘要
张宝生,李鑫,张庆普.家长式导师风格对研究生科研创造力的影响机制研究——学术激情与科研自我效能感的作用[J].技术经济,2021,40(6):177-188.
家长式导师风格对研究生科研创造力的影响机制研究——学术激情与科研自我效能感的作用
A Study on the Impact of Paternalistic Tutor Style on Postgraduate’ Scientific Research Creativity: The Role of Academic Passion and Scientific Research Self-efficacy
投稿时间:2019-10-11  修订日期:2021-04-26
DOI:
中文关键词: 家长式导师风格  科研创造力  学术激情  科研自我效能感  研究生培养
英文关键词: paternalistic tutor style  scientific research creativity  academic passion  scientific research self-efficacy  postgraduate education
基金项目:国家自然科学基金资助项目“网络型知识组织成员错时空的隐性知识合作机制及其实现研究”(71702039);教育部人文社会科学研究一般项目“隐性知识流转网的成员合作机制及网络结构优化研究”(16YJC870019);黑龙江省高等教育教学改革研究一般研究项目“基于“四课融合”与“四位一体”的创业教育课程及实践体系研究”(SJGY20180279);哈尔滨师范大学研究生教育教学改革一般项目“实践教学视角下的研究生志愿服务运行模式及组织制度创新研究”
作者单位E-mail
张宝生 哈尔滨师范大学 155173428@163.com 
李鑫 哈尔滨师范大学管理学院  
张庆普 哈尔滨工业大学管理学院  
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中文摘要:
      明晰导师风格和研究生科研创造力的关系对提高研究生培养质量、完善培养机制具有重要意义。以社会交换理论、自我决定理论及社会认知理论为基础,构建了以家长式导师风格为自变量、学术激情为中介变量、研究生科研创造力为因变量、研究生科研自我效能感为调节变量的研究模型。通过对问卷调查数据进行回归分析和Bootstrap检验对研究模型进行了检验。研究结果表明:家长式导师风格的三个维度(仁慈导师风格、威权导师风格、德行导师风格)正向显著影响了研究生科研创造力和学术激情,学术激情的两个维度正向显著影响了研究生科研创造力;学术激情在家长式导师风格对研究生科研创造力的影响机制中有中介作用,其中强迫学术激情完全中介了威权导师风格的正向影响作用;研究生科研自我效能感对学术激情的中介作用有显著的强化作用。在研究生培养过程中塑造家长式的导师风格对提高研究生科研创造力具有积极的意义。
英文摘要:
      It is of great significance to clarify the relationship between tutor’s style and postgraduate’s scientific research creativity in order to improve the quality of postgraduate training and the training mechanism. Based on the theories of social exchange, self-determination and social cognition, it constructs a research model with paternalistic mentor style as independent variable, academic passion as intermediary variable, postgraduate scientific research creativity as dependent variable and postgraduate scientific research self-efficacy as moderating variable. The model was tested by regression analysis and Bootstrap test. The results show that the three dimensions of paternalistic mentor style (kindness mentor style, authoritarian mentor style and moral tutor style) have a significant impact on postgraduate’s scientific research creativity and academic passion, and the two dimensions of academic passion are also significantly affecting postgraduate’s scientific research creativity; academic passion is in the influence mechanism of paternalistic tutor style on t postgraduate’s utor scientific research creativity. There is a mediating role, in which the compulsive academic passion completely mediates the positive influence of authoritarian tutor style; the postgraduate research self-efficacy has a significant strengthening effect on the mediating role of academic passion. In the process of postgraduate training, it is of positive significance to shape paternalistic tutor style for improving postgraduate research creativity.
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