文章摘要
周平录,邢小强.中国式分权下的区域创新绩效研究 ——基于资源获取与资源配置视角的分析[J].技术经济,2019,38(9):.
中国式分权下的区域创新绩效研究 ——基于资源获取与资源配置视角的分析
Research on Regional Innovation Performance under Chinese Decentralization ——An Analysis from the Perspective of Resource Acquisition and Allocation
投稿时间:2019-10-31  修订日期:2019-10-31
DOI:
中文关键词: 财政分权  收入分权  支出分权  区域创新绩效  财政资源
英文关键词: fiscal decentralization  revenue decentralization  expenditure decentralization  regional innovation performance  financial resources
基金项目:国家社会科学基金项目;对外经济贸易大学研究生科研创新基金项目
作者单位E-mail
周平录 对外经济贸易大学国际商学院 zhou_pinglu@163.com 
邢小强 对外经济贸易大学国际商学院 xingxq@uibe.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      基于资源基础理论,认为财政自主权作为一种有价值、稀缺、不可完全模仿、组织可利用的财政资源,是地方政府取得良好区域创新绩效的来源;使用2007—2016年中国分省(自治区、直辖市)的面板数据,实证检验了财政分权对区域创新绩效的影响。研究发现:(1)财政分权对区域创新绩效具有显著的正向影响,在考虑财政分权异质性、创新绩效异质性、创新强度、内生性等问题后,结果依然稳健。(2)地方政府在运用支出自主权为获取良好的区域创新绩效时,存在“软约束”问题,即收入分权对支出分权与区域创新绩效之间的关系具有约束作用但不显著,可能的原因在于转移支付的“公共池”效应与创新锁定效应。
英文摘要:
      Based on the resource-based theory, this paper holds that fiscal autonomy, as a valuable, scarce, non-imitative and organizational financial resource, is the source of good regional innovation performance for local governments. Using panel data of China's provinces (autonomous regions, municipalities directly under the central government) from 2007 to 2016, this paper empirically tests the impact of fiscal decentralization on regional innovation performance. The results show that: (1) fiscal decentralization has a significant positive impact on regional innovation performance, and the results are still stable after considering the heterogeneity of fiscal decentralization or innovation performance, innovation intensity, endogenous and other issues. (2) when local governments use expenditure autonomy to achieve good regional innovation performance, there is a problem of "soft constraint", that is, income decentralization has a constraint effect on the relationship between expenditure decentralization and regional innovation performance, but it is not significant. The possible reason is the "public pool" effect and innovation lock-in effect of transfer payment of the central government.
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