文章摘要
张路娜,孙红军,胡贝贝.中国国家高新区创新效率增长的空间差异及影响因素研究[J].技术经济,2021,40(6):1-8.
中国国家高新区创新效率增长的空间差异及影响因素研究
Research on the Spatial Differences and Influencing Factors of Innovation Efficiency Growth in China’s National High-tech Zones
投稿时间:2020-05-14  修订日期:2021-04-28
DOI:
中文关键词: 国家高新区  创新效率增长  随机前沿生产函数  空间差异  影响因素
英文关键词: national high-tech zones  innovation efficiency growth  stochastic frontier production function model  regional Differences  influence factors
基金项目:国家自科青年基金项目“数字化创业生态系统的演化机理与治理模式研究”(72002212)
作者单位E-mail
张路娜 中国科学院大学 公共政策与管理学院 luna881023@163.com 
孙红军 中国科学院大学公共政策与管理学院 hongjssdfe@sina.com 
胡贝贝 中国科学院科技战略咨询研究院 hubeibei@casisd.cn 
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中文摘要:
      文章基于2011—2018年83个国家高新区的面板数据,依次采用超越对数生产函数的随机前沿模型、K-R方差分解、面板数据固定效应模型实证考察了国家高新区的创新效率增长的空间差异及其影响因素。研究发现:①国家高新区总体创新效率呈现先降后升的态势,且存在明显的空间差异,东部国家高新区创新效率增长最快,中部国家高新区次之,西部国家高新区最慢;②规模效率变化差异是国家高新区创新效率增长差异的主要来源;③经济发展水平对国家高新区创新效率增长具有显著的负向影响,人力资本、产业结构、国际化等则具有显著的正向影响。基于研究结论,文章提出了促进国家高新区创新效率协同提升和均衡发展的对策建议。
英文摘要:
      Based on the panel data of 83 national high-tech zones from 2011 to 2018, the spatial differences and its influencing factors of innovation efficiency growth in national high-tech zones are investigated by utilizing the stochastic frontier model, K-R variance decomposition and panel data fixed effect model. The results show that:①the innovation efficiency of national high-tech zones shows a trend of first decreasing and then increasing, and the spatial differences are obvious, the innovation efficiency of eastern national high-tech zones growing fastest, followed by central national high-tech zones, and western national high-tech zones growing slowest.②the difference of scale efficiency is the main source of the difference of innovation efficiency growth in national high-tech zones; ③the level of economic development has a significant negative impact on the innovation efficiency growth of national high-tech zones, while human capital, industrial structure and internationalization have significant positive impacts on innovation efficiency growth. Based on the research conclusion, some suggestions are put forward to promote the collaborative improvement and balanced development of innovation efficiency of national high-tech zones.
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