高铁开通对产业结构的影响及机制研究——来自中国市辖区及县级市的经验证据
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F062.4;F224.0

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国家社会科学基金项目,国家自然科学基金项目(面上项目,重点项目,重大项目)


Research on the Influence and Mechanism of High?speed Railway on Industrial Structure:Evidence from Chinese Municipal Districts and County?level Cities
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    摘要:

    本文基于2006—2016 年中国高速铁路开通数据,以高铁开通为准自然实验场景,采用多时点双重差分方法实证检验了高铁开通对城市产业结构合理化和高级化的影响。研究发现,高铁开通促进了市辖区的产业结构高级化,加剧了产业结构不合理,推动了县级市的第二产业比重向第三产业转移,并且这种影响并非从建设期开始;通过进一步研究,本文发现开通高铁的市辖区通过减少规模以上工业企业个数引致产业结构高级化,市辖区位于城市集群中增强了高铁开通对产业结构不合理的影响效果,而县级市位于城市集群中则推动了开通高铁的城市产业结构高级化。

    Abstract:

    Abstract:Based on the opening data of China’s high?speed railway from 2006 to 2016,the opening of high?speed railway is considered a natural experiment scenario,and the approach of using the multi?time point differential method to empirically test the impact of high?speed railway opening on the rationalization and upgrading of urban industrial structure is developed. It is found that the opening of high?speed railway promotes the advanced industrial structure of municipal districts,aggravates the irrational industrial structure, and promotes the transfer of the proportion of the secondary industry to the tertiary industry in county?level cities,and this effect does not start from the construction period. Through further research,it’s found that opened high?speed municipal districts by reducing the number of industrial enterprises above designated size by high?level industrial structure,municipal district is located in the urban cluster enhances the high?speed opened effects on the industrial structure is unreasonable,while promoting county is located in the urban cluster by high?level opened high?speed urban industrial structure.

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万相昱,唐亮,张琦.高铁开通对产业结构的影响及机制研究——来自中国市辖区及县级市的经验证据[J].技术经济,2021,40(10):130-138.

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历史
  • 收稿日期:2020-12-14
  • 最后修改日期:2021-10-11
  • 录用日期:2021-08-18
  • 在线发布日期: 2021-11-18
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