企业数字化转型能稳就业吗?——来自危机期间的经验证据
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首都经济贸易大学 劳动经济学院

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F275;F49;F214.4

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国家自然科学“蓄滞洪区人水耦合系统风险互馈及适应性管理—永定河蓄滞洪区为例”(42007412)


Can digital transformation of enterprises stabilize employment?—Empirical evidence from during the crisis
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School of Labor Economics,Capital University of Economics and Business

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    摘要:

    数字化转型是企业在危机期间重塑业务形态、强化经营韧性的重要选择。本文基于2016-2021年中国A股上市公司数据,实证检验危机期间企业数字化转型对就业规模的影响效应。研究发现:数字化转型有助于提升企业危机期间的就业规模,具体在疫情期间,企业数字化转型每增加1%使得就业规模相对增长2.7%。其中,数字化转型主要通过“广化效应”与“深化效应”提升企业危机期间的就业规模,其就业替代效应并不明显。在疫情严重城市、数字生态行业和国有企业中,数字化转型更能提升企业危机期间的就业规模。最后,企业在危机期间推进数字化转型能够提高员工收入与企业劳动生产率。本文为维护危机期间社会稳定以及双循环战略实现提供了重要参考。

    Abstract:

    Digital transformation is an important option for firms to reshape their business forms and strengthen their operational resilience during the crisis. This paper empirically examines the effect of corporate digital transformation on employment size during a crisis based on data from Chinese A-share listed companies from 2016-2021. It is found that digital transformation helps increase employment size during the crisis, specifically during the epidemic, each 1% increase in corporate digital transformation leads to a 2.7% relative increase in employment size. Among them, digital transformation mainly enhances the employment scale during the crisis through the "broadening effect" and "deepening effect", and its employment substitution effect is not obvious. In cities with severe epidemics, digital eco-industries and state-owned enterprises, digital transformation is more likely to increase employment during a crisis. Finally, digital transformation can improve employee income and labor productivity during a crisis. This paper provides an important reference for maintaining social stability during the crisis and for the realization of the double-cycle strategy.

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曾雪婷,韩洪芳.企业数字化转型能稳就业吗?——来自危机期间的经验证据[J].技术经济,2023,42(10):116-126.

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  • 收稿日期:2023-06-07
  • 最后修改日期:2023-10-16
  • 录用日期:2023-07-21
  • 在线发布日期: 2023-11-02
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